These areas, which have long been revered and protected by the Haida Nation for their cultural, natural, cultural and spiritual values have been now recognized by B.C. These new Protected Areas on Haida Gwaii covers over 250,000 hectares, and together with other protected areas, contribute to the permanent protection of over half of the land of Haida Gwaii.

THE HERITAGE SITES
Daawuuxusda Heritage Site/Conservancy
The people of the Haida Nation have occupied and collected food and materials from the Daawuuxusda Heritage Site/Conservancy area since time immemorial. There are seven known Haida villages and seasonal camps within the heritage site/conservancy at Gasi'ndas, Kaidju, Skaito, Kaisun, Nest, Chaatl, and Sl'asit.

The remote location of Daawuuxusda Heritage Site/Conservancy provides an excellent opportunity to maintain biological diversity and natural environment values. Of concern, though is the presence of introduced mammals (e.g., Raccoons, Norway Rats and Black-tailed Deer) which pose a threat to local ecosystems. Sowthistle, an invasive nonnative plant, also occurs here. Daawuuxusda Heritage Site/Conservancy has an important role in providing recreational opportunities such as fishing, wildlife viewing, kayaking and other boat travel, anchorage locations and places suitable for wilderness camping and hiking in a remote wilderness setting.

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Damaxyaa Heritage Site/Conservancy
The people of the Haida Nation have occupied and collected food and materials from Damaxyaa since time immemorial. A seasonal camp known as Kil was originally located at the mouth of Haans Creek on Shingle Bay just to the north ofthe heritage site/conservancy. Another seasonal camp known as Skena (Sge'na) was located just to the east of the heritage site/conservancy on the shores of Hecate Strait.

The village of Sandspit is the closest community to Damaxyaa Heritage Site/Conservancy. It borders on the northern and eastern sides of the heritage site/conservancy.

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Duu Guusd Heritage Site/Conservancy

Duu Guusd Heritage Site/Conservancy is the only protected area on Haida Gwaii with a significant representation of all of Haida Gwaii's three terrestrial physiographic ecosections (Windward Queen Charlotte Mountains, Skidegate Plateau and Queen Charlotte Lowlands). Some unusual geological features include Pillar Rock, Beehive Hill and Celestial Bluff.

Naden Harbour and Henslung Cove on Langara Island are the centres for fishing lodge resorts and are popular destinations for guided and non-guided saltwater fishing vacations. The Rennell Sound area on the southern end of the heritage site/conservancyis the only west coast area on Graham Island that is accessible by vehicle and is a popular area for fishing.

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Kamdis Heritage Site/Conservancy
The heritage site/conservancy helps protect an internationally significant intertidal estuarine wetland complex that provides habitat for waterfowl, shorebirds and salmonids and has been used since time immemorial by the people of the Haida Nation for cultural, social and economic purposes. Eleven registered archaeological sites and 77 culturally modified trees have been recorded so far within the heritage site/conservancy.

Access to Kamdis Heritage Site/Conservancy is easiest by boat via Masset Sound or Masset Inlet from the communities of Masset or Port Clements, but overland access from Highway 16 may be achieved at several locations by short side roads and/ or footpaths. Several private properties are located adjacent to the heritage site/conser vancy and landowners typically use boats to access their properties by water via Kum dis Slough.

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Kunxalas Heritage Site/Conservancy

The people of the Haida Nation have occupied and collected food and materials from Kunxalas since time immemorial. This heritage site/conservancy protects cultural values associated with the Cumshewa Peninsula. There are five historic villages or seasonal camps within the area: La'naiya, Kundji, Cumshewas, Koga (Qa'gal) and Kunhalas.

There is also a regionally significant hiking trail along the coast, easily accessed by road at Gray Bay that connects a variety of beaches. Trails also lead to Sheldens Lagoon (Dogfish Beach – has remnants of a dam and a settler's cabin from 1907) and Cumshewa Head which is a 24 km round trip. A popular frontcountry camping area and day-use site is located at Gray Bay, and a smaller one at Sheldens Bay.

Other recreational sites of interest include the remains of an old store (1869) at McCoy Cove, the site of a Loran communications tower at Gray Point and a navigational light at Kingui Island.

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K'uun Gwaay Heritage Site/Conservancy

The people of the Haida Nation have occupied and collected food and materials from K'uuna Gwaay since time immemorial. The Haida maintained villages and seasonal camps at Skedans, Hlgaedlin, Xa'lanjt and Si'ngi. Skedans Reserve is surrounded by the heritage site/conservancy.

It is a historical trade and potlatching site where the Haida exchanged dried halibut, dried seaweed, herring roe, and canoes for eulachon grease, dried berries, goat wool, and horns. It is now the site of a Haida Watchmen camp.

Environment Canada, The Laskeek Bay Conservation Society (LBCS) and the Research Group on Introduced Species(RGIS) have monitoredseabirds, shorebirds, marine mammals, and cavity nesting birds as well as conducted plant inventories on Limestone Island and surrounding areas. These studies have documented important ecological baselines, quantified impacts on native species from introduced species, and continues to inform land management through respected academic and civilian science.

The remote location of K'uuna Gwaay Heritage Site/Conservancy provides an excellent opportunity to maintain biological diversity and natural environment values. Of ongoing concern is the presence of introduced mammals. For example, Black-tailed Deer, Squirrels, Norway Rats and Raccoons pose a threat to local ecosystems and species. In addition,several non-native invasive plants have been recorded on Limestone Island including Burdock, Bull Thistle, Sowthistle, and Common crupina.

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Nang Xaldangaas Heritage Site/Conservancy

The people of the Haida Nation have occupied and collected food and materials from Nang Xaldangaas since time immemorial. Several Haida villages and seasonal camps exist within the heritage site/conservancy at Sa-ouchten, Yan, Astowa, Kunglelung, Tohlka, Miah, Kung-oas, and Skaos. There are also two Haida Watchmen campslocated on Reserves within this heritage site/conservancy; one at George Point (Skaos) and one at Seven-Mile (Wiah Point).

Important foraging habitat and potential nesting habitat and can be found within this heritage site/conservancy for Northern Goshawks, Marbled Murrelets, and Common Murres.

The remote location of Nang Xaldangaas Heritage Site/Conservancy provides an excellent opportunity to maintain biological diversity and natural environment values. Of recent concern is the presence of introduced mammals of which Black-tailed Deer and Raccoons pose a threat to local ecosystems and species.

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SGaay Taw Siiwaay K'adjuu Heritage Site/Conservancy

Access to SGaay Taw Siiwaay K'adjuu Heritage Site/Conservancy is primarily by floatplane, or helicopter, although Forest Service roads on Moresby Island are in the vicinity of the heritage site/conservancy, and overland hiking access is possible for those experienced in route finding. Takakia Lake is relatively small and floatplane access can be difficult for some aircraft under certain loads, but it is the only alpine lake accessible by floatplane outside of Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site (where landing floatplanes on lakes is prohibited).

Protection of SGaay Taw Siiwaay K'adjuu Heritage Site/Conservancy will help to preserve and maintain the ongoing social and ceremonial use of these cultural features, focusing on protecting harvesting and hunting areas and their associated cultural and biological values. It will provide for present and future Haida access to those areas for social, ceremonial and cultural purposes.

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Tlall Heritage Site/Conservancy

The people of the Haida Nation have occupied and collected food and materials from Tlall since time immemorial. The Haida maintained villages and seasonal camps at nearby Dahua and Skaigha.

The area supports a large variety and number of birds including Sandhill Crane and Trumpeter Swan. Several listed species also exist within this area including: two known Northern Goshawk nesting areas, one recorded Northern Saw-Whet Owl sighting, and Marbled Murrelets nesting habitat.

Of recent concern is the presence of introduced mammals of which Black-tailed Deer and Raccoons pose a threat to local ecosystems and species. Several alien invasive plants have also been recorded in the conservancy area including Burdock, Bull thistle, Canada thistle, Sowthistle, and Scotch broom.

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Yaaguun Gandlaay Heritage Site/Conservancy

Yaaguun Gandlaay Heritage Site/Conservancy has been used since time immemorial by the people of the Haida Nation for cultural, social and spiritual purposes. The villages and seasonal camps of Sahldungkun, Hlakeguns, Lanaslnagai, Yagunkun and Undlskadjuns were originally located at the outlet of Yakoun River and around the shoreline of Yakoun Bay. This area was considered as one of the most important food fish gathering locations on Haida Gwaii. Twenty five registered archaeological sites exist within the boundaries of the heritage site/conservancy and hundreds of culturally modified trees have been recorded within this area.

The heritage site/conservancy's recommended nearshore marine component is an internationally significant estuary important for migratory and overwintering waterfowl. Additionally, high quality nesting and foraging habitat for Northern goshawks and suitable nesting habitat for Marbled murrelets is present.

There are two other protected areas in the vicinity of Yaaguun Gandlaay Heritage Site/Conservancy. The southern edge of Kamdis Heritage Site/Conservancy is less than 10 kilometres to the northeast, and Yakoun Suu Heritage Site/Conservancy which protects the headwaters of the Yakoun River watershed, is located approximately 35 kilometres upstream to the south.

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Yaaguun Suu Heritage Site/Conservancy

The Yaaguun Suu Heritage Site/Conservancy area has been used since time immemorialby the people of the Haida Nation for cultural, social and spiritual purposes. The freshwater lake and river system has high value for a diversity of salmonids. The presence of intact, old-growth forests provides excellent forage and habitat for Northern Goshawks.

The Friends of Yakoun Lake constructed a series of lakeside trails and continue to maintain them as well as conduct other stewardship activities in the vicinity. The Research Group on Invasive Species constructed a fenced exclosure research plot to study the effects of deer browse on the natural ecosystem. Two other larger exclosures also exist that were built by the Haida Forest Guardian program for the study of medicinal plants (ethnobotany).

Access to the northern side of Yaaguun Suu Heritage Site/Conservancy is primarily by Forest Service roads either via Port Clements or from Queen Charlotte. Access to Yakoun Lake itself is only possible by foot from a small parking area at the end of a short spur road just north of the heritage site/conservancy.

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